In France graphic paper recycling costs too much!
Ecofolio, the French eco-organism for paper in charge of paper
collection and recycling, has recently published a comparative survey
about paper waste management practices in 6 European countries (Germany, UK,
Belgium, Sweden, Portugal, Spain).
The survey provided by Bio Intelligence Service estimate
the cost of managing graphic paper waste in France at 3.45 euro per capita per
year, while it is in a range of 0,35 to 1.84 euro in the rest of Europe. In
other terms it represents for the French local governments a cost of 111 Euro
per tonnes while elsewhere in Europe it varies from a 15 euro cost per tonnes
to a 59 euro profit per tonnes.
Three main factors are highlighted in the study to be responsible
of the high cost of graphic paper recycling in France:
French local authorities
bear internally the sorting costs while the local governments of the 6 European
countries sell paper waste to be sorted.
difference is even more pronounced as the collection is mainly organized through
a mixed waste collection system resulting in complex and more expensive sorting
- The French waste
collection system favours a high level citizen service using a door to door
collection while other European countries focus more on voluntary action (for
instance provision of paper to bring banks).
collection and sorting methods are very diverse and have a wide dispersion of
costs up to 500% difference:
100 euro per
tonnes voluntary collection in a separate flow;
200 euro per
tonnes through door-to-door collection;
500 euro per
tonnes through a mixed waste collection.
weigh on local taxation and paper producers are facing an increasing eco-contribution year
by year (+23% between 2012 and 2013). However, despite
the higher cost, France does not reach a better recycling performance. Only 47%
of paper is recycled in France, against 75% in Germany.
The R4R project aims in particular at identifying good
practices at local and regional level that could help cities and regions to
improve their collection and recycling performances. Some results should be
show during the project’s midterm conference in Odense between 15 and 17 may